Jul 7, 2017
Melampsora rust, also known as poplar leaf rust, is a foliar rust disease that has been a large problem for trees in the genus Populus and other trees in the family Salicaceae, including various poplars, cottonwoods, aspens and willows, in the United States and throughout the world. The disease is caused by the fungal pathogen Melampsora medusae. M. medusae is a basidiomycete fungus, referred to as a macrocyclic, heteroecious rust fungus.
Jul 7, 2017
The local food movement has grown significantly across the nation during the past 10 years. Feenstra describes this as a response, in part, to the disconnection of people from the “sources of their sustenance.” In 2010, the number of farmers markets in Ohio grew 31 percent over the preceding year (Sylvester, 2011). Amid all this activity around local food, many groups have undertaken activities to further promote the benefits (economic, health, community); but at times, they discover duplication of efforts.
Jul 5, 2017
Carpenter bees get their common name due to the females' habit of excavating galleries in wood to create nest sites for their young. These bees do not consume wood; they feed on pollen and nectar and are important plant pollinators.
Large carpenter bees belong to the genus Xylocopa. Two native species, Xylocopa virginica and Xylocopa micans, occur in the eastern United States. A number of native carpenter bees also occur in the western United States. This fact sheet primarily pertains to X. virginica, with the common name of carpenter bee.